Source code for waeup.kofa.accesscodes.accesscode

## $Id: 13304 2015-10-08 14:40:37Z henrik $
## Copyright (C) 2011 Uli Fouquet & Henrik Bettermann
## This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
## the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
## (at your option) any later version.
## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
## but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
## GNU General Public License for more details.
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
## along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
## Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
"""Components to handle access codes.

Access codes (aka PINs) in waeup sites are organized in batches. That
means a certain accesscode must be part of a batch. As a site (or
university) can hold an arbitrary number of batches, we also provide a
batch container. Each university has one batch container that holds
all access code batches of which each one can hold several thousands
of access codes.
import unicodecsv as csv # XXX: csv ops should move to dedicated module.
import grok
import os
from datetime import datetime
from hurry.workflow.interfaces import IWorkflowInfo, IWorkflowState
from random import SystemRandom as random
from zope.component import getUtility
from zope.component.interfaces import IFactory
from waeup.kofa.interfaces import IKofaUtils, IKofaPluggable, IObjectHistory
from waeup.kofa.utils.helpers import now
from waeup.kofa.utils.logger import Logger
from waeup.kofa.accesscodes.interfaces import (
    IAccessCode, IAccessCodeBatch, IAccessCodeBatchContainer
from waeup.kofa.accesscodes.workflow import DISABLED, USED, ac_states_dict

[docs]class AccessCode(grok.Model): """An access code (aka PIN). Implements :class:`waeup.kofa.accesscodes.interfaces.IAccessCode`. :class:`AccessCode` instances are normally part of an :class:`AccessCodeBatch` so their representation (or code) is built with the containing batch involved. `batch_serial` the serial number of the new :class:`AccessCode` inside its batch. `random_num` a 10-digit number representing the main part of the code. :class:`AccessCode` instances normally have a representation (or code) like ``APP-XXX-YYYYYYYYYY`` where ``APP`` is the prefix of the containing batch, ``XXX`` is the batch number and ``YYYYYYYYYY`` is the real code. The complete PIN is portal-wide unique. Access code instances are far more than simple strings. They have a state, a history (so that all changes can be tracked) and a cost (given as a float number). The state of an access code is something like 'used', 'disabled', etc. and determined by the workflow defined in :mod:`waeup.kofa.accesscodes.workflow`. This also means that instead of setting the status of an access code directly (you can't do that easily, and yes, that's intentionally), you have to trigger a transition (that might fail, if the transition is not allowed in terms of logic or permissions). See :mod:`waeup.kofa.accesscodes.workflow` for details. """ grok.implements(IAccessCode)
[docs] def __init__(self, batch_serial=None, random_num=None): super(AccessCode, self).__init__() self.batch_serial = batch_serial self.random_num = random_num self.owner = None self.cost = None IWorkflowInfo(self).fireTransition('init')
@property def representation(self): """A string representation of the :class:`AccessCode`. It has format ``APP-XXX-YYYYYYYYYY`` as described above. """ return '%s-%s-%s' % ( self.batch_prefix, self.batch_num, self.random_num) @property def batch(self): """The batch this :class:`AccessCode` is contained. """ return getattr(self, '__parent__', None) @property def batch_prefix(self): """The prefix of the batch this :class:`AccessCode` belongs to. """ if self.batch is None: return '' return self.batch.prefix @property def batch_num(self): """The number of the batch this :class:`AccessCode` belongs to. A read-only attribute. """ if self.batch is None: return '' return self.batch.num #@property #def cost(self): # """A float representing the price or ``None``. A read-only attribute. # """ # if self.batch is None: # return None # return self.batch.cost @property def state(self): """The workflow state. A read-only attribute. """ return IWorkflowState(self).getState() @property def translated_state(self): """The translated workflow state. A read-only attribute. """ return ac_states_dict[self.state] @property def history(self): """A :class:`waeup.kofa.objecthistory.ObjectHistory` instance. """ history = IObjectHistory(self) return '||'.join(history.messages)
[docs]class AccessCodeBatch(grok.Container): """A batch of access codes. """ grok.implements(IAccessCodeBatch)
[docs] def __init__(self, creation_date=None, creator=None, batch_prefix=None, cost=None, entry_num=0, num=None): super(AccessCodeBatch, self).__init__() self.creation_date = creation_date self.creator = creator try: self.prefix = batch_prefix.upper() except AttributeError: self.prefix = None self.cost = cost self.entry_num = entry_num self.num = num self.used_num = 0 self.disabled_num = 0
[docs] def _createEntries(self): """Create the entries for this batch. """ for num, pin in enumerate(self.getNewRandomNum(num=self.entry_num)): self.addAccessCode(num, pin, self.cost) return
[docs] def getNewRandomNum(self, num=1): """Create a set of ``num`` random numbers of 10 digits each. The number is returned as string. """ curr = 1 while curr <= num: pin = '' for x in range(10): pin += str(random().randint(0, 9)) if not '%s-%s-%s' % (self.prefix, self.num, pin) in self.keys(): curr += 1 yield pin
# PIN already in use
[docs] def _getStoragePath(self): """Get the directory, where we store all batch-related CSV files. """ site = grok.getSite() storagepath = site['datacenter'].storage ac_storage = os.path.join(storagepath, 'accesscodes') if not os.path.exists(ac_storage): os.mkdir(ac_storage) return ac_storage
[docs] def getAccessCode(self, ac_id): """Get the AccessCode with ID ``ac_id`` or ``KeyError``. """ return self[ac_id]
[docs] def addAccessCode(self, num, pin, cost=0.0, owner=None): """Add an access-code. """ ac = AccessCode(num, pin) if owner: ac.owner = owner ac.cost = cost ac.__parent__ = self self[ac.representation] = ac return
[docs] def createCSVLogFile(self): """Create a CSV file with data in batch. Data will not contain invalidation date nor student ids. File will be created in ``accesscodes`` subdir of data center storage path. Returns name of created file. """ date = self.creation_date.strftime('%Y_%m_%d_%H_%M_%S') ac_storage = self._getStoragePath() csv_path = os.path.join( ac_storage, '%s-%s-%s-%s.csv' % ( self.prefix, self.num, date, self.creator) ) writer = csv.writer(open(csv_path, 'w'), quoting=csv.QUOTE_ALL) writer.writerow(['serial', 'ac', 'cost']) writer.writerow([self.prefix, str(self.num), "%0.2f" % self.cost]) for value in sorted(self.values(), cmp=lambda x, y: cmp( x.batch_serial, y.batch_serial)): writer.writerow( [str(value.batch_serial), str(value.representation)] ) site = grok.getSite() logger = site.logger "Created batch %s-%s" % (self.prefix, self.num)) "Written batch CSV to %s" % csv_path) return os.path.basename(csv_path)
[docs] def archive(self): """Create a CSV file for archive. """ ac_storage = self._getStoragePath() tz = getUtility(IKofaUtils).tzinfo dt_now = now(tz) timestamp = dt_now.strftime('%Y_%m_%d_%H_%M_%S') csv_path = os.path.join( ac_storage, '%s-%s_archive-%s-%s.csv' % ( self.prefix, self.num, timestamp, self.creator) ) writer = csv.writer(open(csv_path, 'w'), quoting=csv.QUOTE_ALL) writer.writerow(['prefix', 'serial', 'ac', 'state', 'history', 'cost','owner']) writer.writerow([self.prefix, '%0.2f' % self.cost, str(self.num), str(self.entry_num)]) for value in sorted( self.values(), cmp = lambda x, y: cmp(x.batch_serial, y.batch_serial) ): writer.writerow([ self.prefix, value.batch_serial, value.representation, value.state, value.history, value.cost, value.owner ]) return os.path.basename(csv_path)
@grok.subscribe(IAccessCodeBatch, grok.IObjectAddedEvent)
[docs]def handle_batch_added(batch, event): # A (maybe dirty?) workaround to make batch containers work # without self-maintained acids: as batches should contain their # set of data immediately after creation, but we cannot add # subobjects as long as the batch was not added already to the # ZODB, we trigger the item creation for the time after the batch # was added to the ZODB. batch._createEntries() return
[docs]class AccessCodeBatchContainer(grok.Container, Logger): grok.implements(IAccessCodeBatchContainer)
[docs] def _getStoragePath(self): """Get the directory, where batch import files are stored. If the path does not exist yet, it is created. The path is normally ``accesscodes/imports`` below the datacenter storage path (see :data:``). """ site = grok.getSite() storagepath = site['datacenter'].storage ac_storage = os.path.join(storagepath, 'accesscodes') import_path = os.path.join(ac_storage, 'imports') for path in [ac_storage, import_path]: if not os.path.exists(path): os.mkdir(path)'created path %s' % path) return import_path
[docs] def addBatch(self, batch): """Add an already created `batch`. """ batch.num = self.getNum(batch.prefix) key = "%s-%s" % (batch.prefix, batch.num) self[key] = batch self._p_changed = True return
[docs] def addBatchByImport(self, batch, batch_id): """Add an already created `batch` by import with defined id. We want to create a batch without access codes. Since num_entry access codes are automatically added by handle_batch_added when the batch is added to the ZODB, we have to temporarily set entry_num to zero when adding the batch persistently. """ orig_entry_num = batch.entry_num batch.entry_num = 0 self[batch_id] = batch self._p_changed = True batch.entry_num = orig_entry_num return
[docs] def createBatch(self, creation_date, creator, prefix, cost, entry_num): """Create and add a batch. """ batch_num = self.getNum(prefix) batch = AccessCodeBatch(creation_date, creator, prefix, cost, entry_num, num=batch_num) self.addBatch(batch) return batch
[docs] def getNum(self, prefix): """Get next unused num for given prefix. """ # School fee, clearance, hostel application and transcript # batches start with 0.These batches are being emptily # created during initialization of the university instance. if prefix in ('CLR', 'SFE', 'HOS', 'TSC'): num = 0 else: num = 1 while self.get('%s-%s' % (prefix, num), None) is not None: num += 1 return num
[docs] def getImportFiles(self): """Return a generator with basenames of available import files. """ path = self._getStoragePath() for filename in sorted(os.listdir(path)): yield filename
# This is temporary reimport solution. Access codes will be imported # with state initialized no matter if they have been used before.
[docs] def reimport(self, filename, creator=u'UNKNOWN'): """Reimport a batch given in CSV file. CSV file must be of format as generated by createCSVLogFile method. """ path = os.path.join(self._getStoragePath(), filename) reader = csv.DictReader(open(path, 'rb'), quoting=csv.QUOTE_ALL) entry = cost = float(entry['serial']) num = int(entry['ac']) prefix = entry['prefix'] batch_name = '%s-%s' % (prefix, num) if batch_name in self.keys(): raise KeyError('Batch already exists: %s' % batch_name) batch = AccessCodeBatch( datetime.utcnow(), creator, prefix, cost, 0, num=num) num_entries = 0 self[batch_name] = batch for row in reader: pin = row['ac'] serial = int(row['serial']) try: cost = float(row['cost']) except ValueError: cost = 0.0 rand_num = pin.rsplit('-', 1)[-1] batch.addAccessCode(serial, rand_num, cost) num_entries += 1 batch.entry_num = num_entries batch.createCSVLogFile() return
[docs] def getAccessCode(self, ac_id): """Get the AccessCode with ID ``ac_id`` or ``KeyError``. """ for batchname in self.keys(): batch = self[batchname] try: return batch.getAccessCode(ac_id) except KeyError: continue return None
[docs] def disable(self, ac_id, comment=None): """Disable the AC with ID ``ac_id``. ``user_id`` is the user ID of the user triggering the process. Already disabled ACs are left untouched. """ ac = self.getAccessCode(ac_id) if ac is None: return disable_accesscode(ac_id, comment) return
[docs] def enable(self, ac_id, comment=None): """(Re-)enable the AC with ID ``ac_id``. This leaves the given AC in state ``unused``. Already enabled ACs are left untouched. """ ac = self.getAccessCode(ac_id) if ac is None: return reenable_accesscode(ac_id, comment) return
logger_name = 'waeup.kofa.${sitename}.accesscodes' logger_filename = 'accesscodes.log'
[docs] def logger_info(self, ob_class, comment=None): """Get the logger's info method. """'%s - %s' % ( ob_class, comment)) return
[docs]class AccessCodePlugin(grok.GlobalUtility):'accesscodes') grok.implements(IKofaPluggable)
[docs] def setup(self, site, name, logger): basecontainer = AccessCodeBatchContainer() site['accesscodes'] = basecontainer'Installed container for access code batches.') # Create empty school fee, clearance, hostel application # and transcript AC # batches during initialization of university instance. cost = 0.0 creator = 'system' entry_num = 0 creation_date = datetime.utcnow() basecontainer.createBatch(creation_date, creator, 'SFE', cost, entry_num) basecontainer.createBatch(creation_date, creator, 'CLR', cost, entry_num) basecontainer.createBatch(creation_date, creator, 'HOS', cost, entry_num) basecontainer.createBatch(creation_date, creator, 'TSC', cost, entry_num)'Installed empty SFE, CLR, HOS and TSC access code batches.') return
[docs] def update(self, site, name, logger): site_name = getattr(site, '__name__', '<Unnamed Site>') if not 'accesscodes' in site.keys():'Updating site at %s. Installing access codes.' % ( site,)) self.setup(site, name, logger) else: 'AccessCodePlugin: Updating site at %s: Nothing to do.' % ( site_name, )) return
[docs]class AccessCodeBatchFactory(grok.GlobalUtility): """A factory for accesscodebatches. We need this factory for the accesscodebatchprocessor. """ grok.implements(IFactory)'waeup.AccessCodeBatch') title = u"Create a new accesscode batch.", description = u"This factory instantiates new accesscode batch instances."
[docs] def __call__(self, *args, **kw): return AccessCodeBatch()
[docs] def getInterfaces(self): return implementedBy(AccessCodeBatch)
[docs]class AccessCodeFactory(grok.GlobalUtility): """A factory for accesscodes. We need this factory for the accesscodeprocessor. """ grok.implements(IFactory)'waeup.AccessCode') title = u"Create a new accesscode.", description = u"This factory instantiates new accesscode instances."
[docs] def __call__(self, *args, **kw): return AccessCode(*args, **kw)
[docs] def getInterfaces(self): return implementedBy(AccessCode)
[docs]def get_access_code(access_code): """Get an access code instance. An access code here is a string like ``PUDE-1-1234567890``. Returns ``None`` if the given code cannot be found. This is a convenicence function that is faster than looking up a batch container for the approriate access code. """ site = grok.getSite() if not isinstance(access_code, basestring): return None try: batch_id, ac_id = access_code.rsplit('-', 1) except: return None batch = site['accesscodes'].get(batch_id, None) if batch is None: return None try: code = batch.getAccessCode(access_code) except KeyError: return None return code
[docs]def fire_transition(access_code, arg, toward=False, comment=None, owner=None): """Fire workflow transition for access code. The access code instance is looked up via `access_code` (a string like ``APP-1-12345678``). `arg` tells what kind of transition to trigger. This will be a transition id like ``'use'`` or ``'init'``, or some transition target like :data:`waeup.kofa.accesscodes.workflow.INITIALIZED`. If `toward` is ``False`` (the default) you have to pass a transition id as `arg`, otherwise you must give a transition target. If `comment` is specified (default is ``None``) the given string will be passed along as transition comment. It will appear in the history of the changed access code. You can use this to place remarks like for which object the access code was used or similar. If `owner` is specified, the owner attribute of the access code is checked. If the access code has an owner but is different, :func:`fire_transition` fails and returns False. :func:`fire_transition` might raise exceptions depending on the reason why the requested transition cannot be performed. The following exceptions can occur during processing: :exc:`KeyError`: signals not existent access code, batch or site. :exc:`ValueError`: signals illegal format of `access_code` string. The regular format is ``APP-N-XXXXXXXX``. :exc:`hurry.workflow.interfaces.InvalidTransitionError`: the transition requested cannot be performed because the workflow rules forbid it. :exc:`Unauthorized`: the current user is not allowed to perform the requested transition. """ try: batch_id, ac_id = access_code.rsplit('-', 1) except ValueError: raise ValueError( 'Invalid access code format: %s (use: APP-N-XXXXXXXX)' % ( access_code,)) try: ac = grok.getSite()['accesscodes'][batch_id].getAccessCode(access_code) except TypeError: raise KeyError( 'No site available for looking up accesscodes') if owner: ac_owner = getattr(ac, 'owner', None) if ac_owner and ac_owner != owner: return False info = IWorkflowInfo(ac) if toward: info.fireTransitionToward(arg, comment=comment) else: info.fireTransition(arg, comment=comment) return True
[docs]def invalidate_accesscode(access_code, comment=None, owner=None): """Invalidate AccessCode denoted by string ``access_code``. Fires an appropriate transition to perform the task. `comment` is a string that will appear in the access code history. See :func:`fire_transition` for possible exceptions and their meanings. """ try: return fire_transition(access_code, 'use', comment=comment, owner=owner) except: return False
[docs]def disable_accesscode(access_code, comment=None): """Disable AccessCode denoted by string ``access_code``. Fires an appropriate transition to perform the task. `comment` is a string that will appear in the access code history. See :func:`fire_transition` for possible exceptions and their meanings. """ return fire_transition( access_code, DISABLED, toward=True, comment=comment)
[docs]def reenable_accesscode(access_code, comment=None): """Reenable AccessCode denoted by string ``access_code``. Fires an appropriate transition to perform the task. `comment` is a string that will appear in the access code history. See :func:`fire_transition` for possible exceptions and their meanings. """ return fire_transition(access_code, 'reenable', comment=comment)
[docs]def create_accesscode(batch_prefix, batch_num, cost, owner): """ """ batch_id = '%s-%s' % (batch_prefix, batch_num) try: batch = grok.getSite()['accesscodes'][batch_id] except KeyError: return None, u'No AC batch available.' rand_num = list(batch.getNewRandomNum())[0] num = len(batch) + 1 batch.addAccessCode(num, rand_num, cost, owner) batch.entry_num += 1 pin = u'%s-%s-%s' % (batch_prefix,batch_num,rand_num) return pin, None