Cataloging Support

Components that support cataloging and searching objects inside a Kofa site.

Getting a general query object

We can get a KofaQuery object by asking for an unnamed global utility implementing hurry.query.interfaces.IQuery:

>>> from hurry.query.interfaces import IQuery
>>> from zope.component import getUtility
>>> q = getUtility(IQuery)
>>> q
<waeup.kofa.catalog.KofaQuery object at 0x...>

This query can get ‘subqueries’ and delivers the objects found or their ids. To show this we have to setup a catalog with some entries.

Setting up a catalog and feeding it

>>> from zope.catalog.interfaces import ICatalog
>>> from zope.catalog.catalog import Catalog
>>> mycat = Catalog()

We register this catalog with the component architechture as a utility named ‘mycatalog’:

>>> from zope.component import provideUtility
>>> provideUtility(mycat, ICatalog, 'mycatalog')

We setup a special content type whose instances we will catalog later:

>>> from zope.interface import Interface, Attribute, implements
>>> from zope.container.contained import Contained
>>> class IMammoth(Interface):
...   name = Attribute('name')
...   age = Attribute('age')
>>> class Mammoth(Contained):
...   implements(IMammoth)
...   def __init__(self, name, age):
... = name
...     self.age = age
...   def __cmp__(self, other):
...     return cmp(,

By including the __cmp__ method we make sure search results can be stably sorted.

We also setup a zope.intid.interfaces.IIntIds utility. This is not necessary for plain catalogs, but when we want to use KofaQuery (or hurry.query.query.Query objects), as to get a unique mapping from objects (stored in ZODB) to integer numbers (stored in catalogs), these query objects lookup a global IIntIds utiliy:

>>> from zope import interface
>>> import zope.intid.interfaces
>>> class DummyIntId(object):
...     interface.implements(zope.intid.interfaces.IIntIds)
...     MARKER = '__dummy_int_id__'
...     def __init__(self):
...         self.counter = 0
... = {}
...     def register(self, obj):
...         intid = getattr(obj, self.MARKER, None)
...         if intid is None:
...             setattr(obj, self.MARKER, self.counter)
...   [self.counter] = obj
...             intid = self.counter
...             self.counter += 1
...         return intid
...     def getObject(self, intid):
...         return[intid]
...     def __iter__(self):
...         return iter(
>>> intid = DummyIntId()
>>> from zope.component import provideUtility
>>> provideUtility(intid, zope.intid.interfaces.IIntIds)

Now we can catalog some mammoths. Here we create a herd and catalog each item of it:

>>> from zope.catalog.field import FieldIndex
>>> mycat['mammoth_name'] = FieldIndex('name', IMammoth)
>>> mycat['mammoth_age'] = FieldIndex('age', IMammoth)
>>> herd = [
...   Mammoth(name='Fred', age=33),
...   Mammoth(name='Hank', age=30),
...   Mammoth(name='Wilma', age=28),
... ]
>>> for mammoth in herd:
...   mycat.index_doc(intid.register(mammoth), mammoth)

Searching for result sets

Finally we can perform queries:

>>> from hurry.query import Eq
>>> from zope.component import getUtility
>>> subquery1 = Eq(('mycatalog', 'mammoth_name'), 'Fred')

The latter means: search for objects whose name is 'Fred' in the mammoth_name index of a catalog registered as a utility named mycatalog.

>>> from hurry.query import Between
>>> subquery2 = Between(('mycatalog', 'mammoth_age'), 30, 33)

This means: ask for objects cataloged in an index named ‘mammoth_age’, whose cataloged value is between 30 and 33 (including this values).

>>> r1 = q.apply(subquery2)
>>> r1
IFSet([0, 1])

Using apply() above, we get a set of values stored in an IFBTree:

>>> type(r1)
<type 'BTrees.IFBTree.IFSet'>

IFBTree objects implement a rather efficient integer to float mapping where also integers are allowed as values. For each object found (i.e. mammoths whose age is between 30 and 33), we get the number of its entry.

To get the real object, we can use intids here, because we setup an appropriate IIntIds utility before:

>>> [intid.getObject(x).name for x in r1]
['Fred', 'Hank']

We can (and should) also use the searchResults() method explained below to do that.

Retrieving BTree sets can, however, make sense, if you want to know only the number of results for a particular query or whether there are results at all in a more efficient way:

>>> len(r1)

Searching for objects

Very often we don’t want to know the catalog-internal ‘ids’ of searched objects but the objects themselves.

This can be done by using the searchResults method of KofaQuery:

>>> r2 = q.searchResults(subquery1)
>>> r2
<zope.catalog.catalog.ResultSet instance at 0x...>
>>> list(r2)
[<Mammoth object at 0x...>]

We got one result item, we can immediately ask for further infos. To access a result item by its index number, we have to turn the ResultSet into an ordinary list before:

>>> entry = list(r2)[0]
>>>, entry.age
('Fred', 33)

We can also use subquery2 as above:

>>> r3 = q.searchResults(subquery2)
>>> [(, x.age) for x in r3]
[('Fred', 33), ('Hank', 30)]

or use both queries at once:

>>> r4 = q.searchResults(subquery1 & subquery2)
>>> [(, x.age) for x in r4]
[('Fred', 33)]

which will give us, of course, the same result set as with subquery1.